Stun guns are high voltage, low amperage devices that can deter an attack and/or temporarily disable an attacker using an electric shock.
Stunners are non-lethal devices. and their effects on an attacker are temporary.
All stun guns have a “shocker” module; many of them have a built-in flashlight too. Some stun gun “styles” also include features like alarms, built-in chargers, and attachments that disable the stun gun if it’s ever taken away from you.
While stun guns come in many different sizes and shapes, they all have one thing in common - you have to make physical contact (or actually touch someone) with a stun gun in order to shock someone.
Stunners can protect you three ways: Sound, Light, and Shock.
The SOUND of the stun gun discharge is often enough to discourage an attack. Many aggressive animals (dogs, wolves, coyotes, etc.) are terrified by the discharge of a stun gun. That unique sound of the stunner's discharge is often enough to deter a “two-legged animal” too.
The range of this sort of effect is tens of feet — maybe more depending on weather conditions.
The high-intensity FLASHLIGHT built into many stun guns is about 100 lumens; the strength of this output is enough to temporarily flash-blind an attacker when you shine it in their face — especially if you do it at nighttime.
The range of this effect is about 10 feet. Recovery time in daylight is a second or two. At night, recovery time can be anywhere from 5 - 15 seconds.
A nice rule of thumb for stun guns AND conventional flashlights is: take away their eyes and you take away the threat.
The stun gun's SHOCK feature can produce a variety of effects. A stunner inflicts pain on initial contact; induces muscle spasms if you maintain contact for 1-2 seconds; and interacts with the nervous system if you maintain contact for more than 3 seconds.
The electric shock that everyone associates with a stun gun is really a last resort. This is where you actually touch someone to shock them. This is a scenario and a situation you NEVER want to have.
Many stun gun designs also include a "Disable Pin" and strap. Insert the disable pin into the stun gun, and wrap the strap around your wrist when you carry the unit. If an attacker pulls the stunner away from you, they pull the stun gun away from the pin. This action breaks the circuit inside the stun gun and disables it.
This means that an attacker can't take the stunner and use it against you.
Disable pins also help stun gun owners protect their families. We all know that little ones, especially toddlers, like to play with everything they find around the house. If you have a stun gun, you can count on your kids finding it. Removing the disable pin when you’re at home puts the stun gun in a “safe” mode.
This means that your children can’t accidentally hurt themselves when they find a stun gun in your purse or laying around the house.
Most stunners today also come with built-in chargers (that is, you slide the charging prongs out of the stun gun housing and plug the entire unit until a wall socket). With built-in chargers, you never have to keep track of a charging cord.
To the unsuspecting assailant, the stun gun can be a real surprise — think of it as an emotional and psychological “shock" (pun intended).
Remember - unlike TASERS, you must touch someone to shock them with a stun gun.